Czech Republic: medieval fairytale in the heart of Europe

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Main facts:

  • Capital city: Prague

  • Language(s): Czech

  • Currency: Czech Koruna, CZK

  • Population: 10,539,000

  • Timezone: UTC+1

  • Main religion: Catholicism (11%)

  • Standard of living (subjectively): high

  • Information will be updated

Top 10 interesting places and activities:

Approximate costs (person/day):

~€ 15-30

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~€ 5-10

~€ 4-10

Sights map of Czech Republic

Travel around Czech Republic

The Czech people is one of the most ancient folk in Europe, retaining their distinctiveness and culture over the centuries. As early as the beginning of the 10th century, the Czech Republic existed as an independent kingdom Bohemia, but several religious wars and military conflicts did not allow it to become a strong state.

In the 19th century, the state fell under the protectorate of the House of Habsburgs (Austrian monarchs) and was annexed to Austria-Hungary as a separate region. After the First World War and the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the Czech Republic formed Czechoslovakia together with neighboring Slovakia and the Zakarpattia Oblast, which existed until Hitler annexed the Czech lands in 1939. However, after the Second World War, Czechoslovakia was restored to its former borders and came under the strong influence of the Soviet Union, which controlled this country until the Velvet Revolution of 1989. After the weakening of the USSR influence (and its collapse), Czechoslovakia broke up into two independent states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, which coexist peacefully to this day.

Today the Czech Republic is one of the most beautiful and picturesque countries in Eastern Europe. Joining NATO and the European Union, it accepted the Schengen Agreement in 2004, after which it became one of the most attractive countries in terms of business and tourism development. The country has a well-established automotive industry, the agricultural and industrial sectors. Tourism, which employs a huge number of local residents, also brings a significant share of income. The touristic beauty of this country attracts millions of people every year!

The Czech Republic is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful countries in the European Union. Due to the slight destruction during the two world wars, it managed to preserve historical monuments of architecture and culture, ancient castles and palaces, as well as ancient urban centers. Most of the buildings destroyed during the war were restored according to old models, thanks to which today the Czech Republic presents a fantastic landscape that emerged from the fairy tale. It is enough to see any small town or village (for example, Holašovice, Liberec or České Budějovice) in order to visually appreciate all the beauty and national traits of Czech culture.

There are several particularly beautiful places in the Czech Republic. First of all, this is the spa resort of Karlovy Vary, widely known in Europe thanks to its mineral springs. According to legend, this place even was visited in 1711 by Peter the Great, where he managed to recover from a serious illness. A small town in the gorge, divided in half by a small river, leaves an incredible feeling of lightness and aesthetic pleasure. Karlovy Vary is surrounded by low mountain slopes, covered with coniferous and deciduous forest, from which amazing panoramas of the city are opened. Karlovy Vary is one of the most popular cities for Russian tourists. Here, half of the population speaks Russian, and the other half are Russian-speaking tourists themselves, who came here for treatment with geothermal sources and rest.  It’s probably boring to be here for more than a week; therefore, weekend trips to neighboring Germany and Prague are organized for tourists. At the same time, some tourists visit the small settlement of Loket located not far from Karlovy Vary (and not inferior to it in beauty), which is on the peninsula and is surrounded by mountains. In its center stands the stern Loket Castle, a guard outpost of the Czech Republic on the border with Germany, which has now been turned into a museum. The village itself is very small, you can get around in an hour, but what a beautiful one! A stroll through the surrounding hills, covered with wild forest... it's just a fairy tale! Be sure to visit it if there is an opportunity - a lot of pleasant impressions are guaranteed.

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I strongly advise you to visit the second largest city in the Czech Republic - Brno. This is a more strict and laconic city than Karlovy Vary or Cesky-Krumlov, but it has a special industrial flavor. There are several folk theaters, wide promenades, a large Gothic cathedral and a hilltop castle threateningly towering over the city. This is a great place to take a break and then go on to explore other beautiful places: the small town of Telč with ancient Italian colonnades, the ancient powerful castles of Hluboká and Karlštejn, striking with its brightness the cozy city of Český Krumlov, as well as deep caves and rocky reliefs of the Moravian Karst.

But nothing can overshadow the capital of the Czech Republic - the city of Prague, which is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe! This is an incredibly picturesque city; you wonder how such beauty can exist on the planet, and even in the very center of Europe. Prague can be recognized by the famous red-tiled roofs that cover all the buildings in the city center. Small houses in dense buildings form whole labyrinths of streets and alleyways. It is very cozy and quiet, although there are many tourists at any time of the year. But if you are going to the old library of the Clementinum Monastery, peace and quiet will surround you with the ancient folios, and the view from the Astronomical Tower to Prague Castle and the old town will take your breath away!

 

At the top of the hill, Prague Castle towers above the Prague, built up with royal palaces, cathedrals and museums. Once upon a time it was a big castle to protect the surrounding lands, but now it is a Mecca for tourists climbing the long staircase to it, starting not far from the famous Charles Bridge. In Prague there is also a huge Zoo, the second largest in Europe, where more than 10 thousand species of animals, birds and reptiles live. Connoisseurs of special culture will be amazed at the revolving head of Franz Kafka, and for lovers of bright ideas, I strongly advise you to go to the shadow theater IMAGE Black Light Theater - aesthetic enjoyment is guaranteed!

The Czech Republic is an incredibly beautiful and enjoyable country. The people here are nice and friendly, bright architecture, tasty and satisfying food, a lot of fabulous landscapes ... What else is needed for happiness? All this makes this country necessary to visit for every self-respecting tourist! My sincere impression: the Czech Republic is one of the most beautiful and cozy countries in Europe, which you should definitely see with your own eyes!

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