Sights map of Germany
Travel around Germany
The tribes of the Germans - the original inhabitants of the territory of Germany from immemorial time. In the distant past, divided into small principalities and patrimonies, by the 9th century AD they formed a great power - the Holy Roman Empire. This confederative union of different territories became one of the largest and strongest agglomerates in the history of Europe. It existed for more than 9 centuries, and only in 1806 ceased to exist; some of its parts became part of the Austro-Hungarian state.
After the War against Prussia, the North German state was formed, later renamed to the German Empire. From this point on, the state began to exist in the current territorial structure. The national self-determination of the German people led to an incredible flourishing of the nation, as a result Germany made a huge contribution to the culture of Europe and the world. Here worked outstanding minds and cultural figures of their time: Wagner, Nietzsche, Marx, Hertz, Planck, Freud ... it is impossible to list them all. Germany also made a powerful contribution to the development and promotion of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, thanks to the well-developed field of medium and heavy engineering.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the country participated in the First World War, the results of which were deplorable: in fact, it lost all foreign colonies, as well as a number of its own lands (for example, Alsace, Poznan and West Prussia). This was partly the basis for Adolf Hitler’s nationalist rhetoric of the "restoration of the great German people". As a result, in 1939, Germany started Second World War, the most destructive in its consequences for the whole world. After its defeat in 1945, the state was divided between 4 coalitions that retained control over their territories until the end of the 20th century. In fact, a significant distinction was made between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic: the first was controlled by European countries along with the United States, the second by the USSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR were united into a single federal republic of Germany, which the country remains today. As a result of the numerous sections of the territory, the country actually consists of 16 separate independent regions to this day. They have an integrated transport system, a single language and currency, but are politically controlled independently of each other by local governments. And at the same time they are inhabited by a single German people, slightly different in the regions from each other with culture, language and local traditions.
Germany is a huge, rich and self-sufficient state of Central Europe, which is one of the mainstays of the stability of the European Union. Excellently adjusted transport system together with national punctuality and severity make it one of the most convenient for independent tourism among European countries. Here, most people know English, which greatly facilitates communication and understanding. Germany is truly a rich country, and it has become so thanks to the hard work and craftsmanship of its people, who work day and night for the common good. Such selfless work for the good of the country can only be envied (in a good way, of course).
One of the most beautiful cities in Germany is Cologne. This city is famous for its magnificent Gothic cathedral, which ranks third in height among all the cathedrals of the world. Its external beauty attracts crowds of tourists all year round, but most of them linger in the center near the train station, walking along the shopping streets and periodically returning to Cologne Cathedral and the Rhine promenade. But if you want to explore the daily routine of German life, you must go deep into the city or further along the embankment. Cologne is subject to strict geometric forms and strict adherence to the rules, which the inhabitants of Germany are "have in blood". From tiled pavement and energy-saving lanterns to a variety of tram lines and impeccably punctual electric trains: the German system works flawlessly. By the way, in Cologne there is the largest chocolate museum in Germany, which was under guardianship of the Lindt company. All of Cologne is an excellent example of classical constructionism, which distinguishes the German architectural style from all others.
Karlsruhe and Munich can be called the other "classic" German cities. These are large, strict and well-groomed cities, where transport works like clockwork, tall buildings are built and reconstructed periodically, and locals often ride bicycles to work. The first one is famous for its luxurious palace, where the grand dukes of Baden used to live, and today there is the main museum of the region. Munich is a dynamic industrial center, where beautiful buildings in the Gothic or classical style are side by side with strict but slightly monotonous complexes of half a century age. In the center of the city stands the incredible New Town Hall, next door to it is the Frauenkirche church, the largest in the region, and the skeletons of the ancient fortress of Munich are located nearby on Karlsplatz. However, as you leave the city center, you can find yourself in an elegant Nymphenburg Palace with large lakes, where swans swim, dive into sports history in the Olympic Park or climb its observation tower, from where the breathtaking panorama of the Bavarian Alps opens up. In Munich, there are many excellent museums, among which the greatest is the Deutsches Museum: more than 5 spacious floors dedicated to technology and mechanisms from various industries, from the manufacture of bricks and glassmaking to nuclear power plants and cybernetics. Many exhibits are interactive here, so you can spend a whole day in a museum, checking all sorts of physical laws and learning a lot about the world. Undoubtedly, Karlsruhe and Munich are worthy of your attention!