Krasnodar region is more than the sea. This is the thousand-year history of the Caucasian peoples, archaeological sites of ancient people and mystical dolmens. There are the mountain slopes and gorges of the Caucasus, waterfalls and fast rivers. There are sunsets and sunrises on the high shores, hiking in the rainforests, outdoor activities and entertainment in numerous cities on the coast. Finally, it is joy and impressions that will last a lifetime!
Top 10 interesting places to visit:
Dolmens of the North Caucasus, coastal areas of Gelendzhik-Lazarevskoye
Rosa Khutor ski resort, Estosadok
City sea embankment, Novorossiysk
Safari Park, Gelendzhik
Shores of the Black Sea and Sail Rock, Dzhanhot-Praskoveevka area
Cossack village-museum "Ataman", Taman
Lake Sukko, Sukko
Mamedovo gorge, Lazarevskoe
Sights map of the Krasnodar region
Detailed map of all places in the region can be seen on the website of the national tourism portal of Russia:
Travel around the Krasnodar region
A trip to the Krasnodar region will "turn around" your vision of a sea rest. If you have only been to Sochi or the beaches along the coastal strip and have not seen anything beyond them, then you have not been to the Krasnodar region. If you went on a business trip to one of the cities of the region, but did not swim in the cozy blue bays and did not climb the slopes of alpine meadows - then you were not in the Krasnodar region. If, finally, you were planning to learn about the ancient history of the Caucasian peoples or about how the White Guard fiercely fought for their last frontiers, but read about it only in textbooks - then you should go to Krasnodar region. This territory is a rich and prosperous land, which since the formation of the Soviet Union has become the center of resort activity and to this day fascinates with its beauty and sights.
It is amazing how little people sometimes know about what surrounds their resting place. Arriving in Sochi, Anapa, Gelendzhik or at the Tuapse, people prefer to relax on the beach or stroll through the main streets of the city, spending the same rhythm in a week! However, I suppose if they knew a little more about those incredibly beautiful places that are very close to them, their rest would certainly become much richer and more interesting. And no excuses are suitable here. Have kids? Welcome to the entertainment complexes and safari parks. Want to be alone with nature? Here is a huge variety of rocky cliffs, pine forests and cozy blue lagoons with crystal clear water. Are you dreaming about conquering mountain peaks? The entire Black Sea coast is literally made to do this. Next, I will tell you a little about what amazing places are located in the Krasnodar region, the existence of which many of you do not even suspect. And if someone decides to visit them, then I will know that my work was not in vain. To help realise this and for inspiration - photos of places.
But first of all, a little history. The man settled on the region territory millions of years ago, as evidenced by archaeological finds on ancient sites. A vivid example of such sites is the Akhshtyrskaya Cave near Sochi, where today guided tours are telling about the ancient past of mankind. Up to 4-3 millennia BC, these territories were inhabited by the most disparate tribes who migrated from south to north and from east to west, periodically replacing each other. In the 3-2 millennium BC, this territory was inhabited by representatives of the North Caucasus and dolmen cultures, which later became the basis for the emergence of the Circassian people. They built the dolmens as funerary structures and means of communication with the afterlife; most of them are located in remote mountainous areas of the Black Sea coast, and therefore have survived to this day. Their structure and appearance are very similar: they are stone slabs, superimposed on each other in the likeness of a house, with a small round opening in front, through which offerings and burials were made. The easiest way to get acquainted with dolmens closer is in Gelendzhik district, near the settlement of Pshada, and near Lazarevskoye (Volkonsky dolmen). But in general, on the mountain slopes off the Black Sea coast there are thousands of dolmens, a detailed map of which can even be found on the Internet.
At the beginning of the first millennium, Greek merchants arrived on the territory of the region and founded a large number of colonies along the coastline. However, the invasion of the Huns and the subsequent formation of the state of Great Bolgaria prevented the prosperity of these places, and most of the colonies were wiped out. In the 8th century AD these lands were owned by the Khazar Kaganate, which in the 10th century was ousted by Kievan Rus. Since then, these lands have become part of the Tmutarakan principality as part of Kievan Rus, which was controlled by Byzantium in the 13th century. After the Tatar-Mongol invasion and the two-century rule of the Golden Horde, the territory of the Krasnodar region was divided between the Crimean Khanate, Cherkessia and the Ottoman Empire, which controlled it until the arrival of Russian troops. The centuries-old war with the Turks brought victory to the Russians, and as a result, the entire territory of the Kuban and the neighboring Don region was annexed to Russia. So led the Russian history of the region.
Having captured the Crimean Khanate, Russia began to strengthen strongly on the Black Sea. The fortresses of Anapa, Novorossiysk were built, trading settlements were established in Gelendzhik and Kabardinka. To protect the territory and its population the Russian Cossacks were moved here from Ukranian Zaporozhye and the Don, so the Kuban Cossacks folk was formed. The prosperity of the region contributed to its warm temperate climate, which allowed to collect a rich harvest of grain, vegetables and fruits. In the north of the region there were huge arable lands that fed the whole of Russia, and in the south and in the tropics there were numerous orchards and vineyards. By the way, it was in the Krasnodar region that they began to make the first wine in Russia - in the village of Abrau-Durso near Novorossiysk, where the wine-making craft has survived to this day. Also the region began to grow tea. Successful development continued until the collapse of the Russian Empire, when the Kuban People's Republic was formed on its territory. It became an ally of the "White Guard" after the Bolshevik redistribution of territories. The Cossacks set an example for the republic's neighbors in the Don Army, who also tried to establish their independence. However, the crushing battles with the Bolsheviks during the Kuban-Novorossiysk operation put an end to the independent Kuban, and in 1920 the territory of the region became part of the USSR. In memory of the soldiers of the "White Guard" on the embankment of Novorossiysk, several monuments were constructed.
Subsequently, the region survived during the invasion of the German invaders, in the hostilities with which Novorossiysk particularly distinguished itself. In the place Malaya Zemlya for more than 200 days, the heroic defense of the city continued, for which it received the title of "Hero City". Restoration of cities and settlements on the Black Sea coast and in the center of the region took place in the 1950s, during which the region became the center of an Soviet Union resorts. On the Black Sea coast hundreds of sanatoriums and hotel houses have opened, many of which still exist today. Even Joseph Stalin had several dachas on the coast, one of which is located near Sochi. In 1991, Cossack uprisings and attempts to create an independent Cossack republic intensified in the region, but they did not succeed, and since then Krasnodar region (after secession of the Adygea Republic) became a full-fledged region of Russia.
In 2014, the Winter Olympics took place in Sochi, which completely transformed the city. In the eyes of the people, he grew up in a high-rise metropolis, with wide avenues and first-class promenades, well-kept parks and many restored objects. The ski resort on Krasnaya Polyana was recreated ("Roza Khutor"), which today is not inferior to the best ski resorts in Europe. On the coast near Adler, in the Imereti Bay, a huge sports cluster was rebuilt with stadiums, swimming pools (Olympic Park) and the largest entertainment park in Russia - "Sochi Park". Of course, all this largely affects the prosperity of local residents and the entire region, which seemed to have a new "birth" and today attracts crowds of tourists all year round. But, of course, Sochi is not the whole Krasnodar region. On the territory of the latter there is a huge variety of beautiful places, which will be discussing further.
We will move from north to south. Most of the plain territory of the region is endless arable land and orchards, with small villages and farms. People here earn in agriculture, and the sights are limited to field lands and the Kuban river, which flows peacefully from the spurs of the Caucasus mountains over the edge and flows into the Azov sea. The capital of the region - the city of Krasnodar - the closest contender for the new millionaire city. It is a dynamically developing city in which there is everything necessary for a comfortable and prosperous life. The historical monuments of Catherine II and Alexander I, art galleries and the museum of local lore, the recently rebuilt Krasnodar Arena stadium and well-kept parks are all you need for a relaxing holiday.
Moving southwest, we will come to the Crimean Bridge - a miracle of modern architecture and one of the grandest modern buildings. On it you can cross the Kerch Strait and get into the Crimea, but before that you should definitely call in the ancient Cossack village of Taman, on the outskirts of which is located the "Ataman" open-air museum. This is a completely recreated life of Cossack life, where entertaining and educational events are held all year round. Not far from it is the picturesque valley of Indian lotuses (Akhtanizovskaya station) and the mud volcano Tizdar, whose healing mud is known throughout the Taman Peninsula and beyond. Also nearby is the huge Bugaz sand spit, which stretches tens of kilometers along the Black Sea with a narrow isthmus. There is everything for any type of relaxation: deserted clean sandy beaches, water activities and windsurfing, beautiful nature and incredible landscapes.
The most western city on the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar region is Anapa. The city itself is a large cluster of one-story buildings, interspersed with high-rise hotels and health resorts. Here is a very shallow and warm sea, suitable for families with children, a cozy embankment and a picturesque lighthouse on the rocky shore. In Anapa, you should definitely visit the archaeological museum of the ancient Greek colony "Gorgippia", as well as learn about the history of the "Russian Gates". And not far from Anapa there is a cypress grove, where tree trunks are flooded with lake Sukko.
An hour on the road - and you are in the city of military glory, the base of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia, the city of Novorossiysk. Its picturesque embankment several kilometers long is decorated with many monuments to military exploits and beautiful sculptures. A military cruiser "Mikhail Kutuzov" moored to it near the seaport, which participated in the battles and today is a museum. The museum of "Malaya Zemlya" will tell about the military feat in the Russian Great Patriotic War, and the sunset on the sand spit near the Salt Lake will give the warmest memories. By the way, not far from Novorossiysk is the settlement of Abrau-Durso, where they produce famous wine and champagne, so there is an opportunity to visit the plantations and taste it personally.
Moving south, the mountains begin to grow higher, and the coastal strip is becoming more picturesque. A unique architectural “Stary Park” was created in the resort village of Kabardinka, which will surprise with its unusual sculptures and structures. In the same place, they recreated the “City of Kuban Craftsmen”, where anyone who wishes will learn more about the Kuban folk crafts and will be taught to make them with own hands.
Not far from Gelendzhik there is the Blue Bay, hidden from prying eyes, whose azure waters are worthy of the most exquisite lagoons of Italy, Croatia or Greece. And in Gelendzhik itself, an amazingly beautiful embankment, where it is very pleasant to stroll under the setting sun, and a large Safari Park with wild animals and a cable car to the peaks of the surrounding rocks, from where you can enjoy a spectacular panorama of Gelendzhik Bay. The region of Gelendzhik is one of the most picturesque in the Krasnodar region and on the entire Black Sea coast, and here's why.
Firstly, there are a lot of dolmens here - ancient funerary structures created by people thousands of years ago. Secondly, in the surrounding rivers there are many large and small waterfalls, an ecological walking tour to which will give pleasant sensations to pioneers and explorers. In the vicinity of the settlement Dzhanhot on the rocks there is a large pine forest, where amazingly fresh air, silence and peace. If you drive a little further along the mountain serpentines, you will find yourself in the settlement of Praskoveevka, where high cliffs go straight to the shore, and the famous Sail (Parus) Rock towers nearby. The surrounding mountains offer breathtaking views of the Black Sea, and here it is so nice to relax and spend a day or two without the city bustle. By the way, no less beautiful rock is located near the city of Tuapse: the Kiselev Rock is literally a "cut" of rocks 48 meters high. The cut was formed in a natural way, but its origin is still a mystery.
The settlement of Lazarevskoye is a large resort village where thousands of people rest every year. In the village there is nothing interesting, but in the surrounding mountains there are dozens of beauties, worthy of your attention. First of all, I recommend to visit the "33 waterfalls" route, which are located in a cascade in the valley of the Ashe River. In addition to the unique landscapes, there is an opportunity to ride on the UAZ along the channel of the river itself, but only in the dry summer season. Waterfalls on the river Ashe is another reason to go to the “remote places of the Caucasus” and see the ennobled nature with your own eyes. Here is also the area with several dozen dolmens of various shapes and sizes, the most popular of which is the Volkonsky dolmen. A lot of gorges around Lazarevskoye (Svirskoye, Krabovoye, Mamedovo) are filled with dozens of waterfalls, dolmens and dense forests that make it so pleasant to walk on a hot summer afternoon.
The final touch is the most popular resort in our country, the city of Sochi. In fact, "Sochi" is called a huge urban agglomeration with numerous settlements along the Black Sea coast, and the city itself - Big Sochi - is only a small part of this territory. However, when I say "Sochi", I mean the whole big region from Loo village to Adler included. So, in Sochi, in addition to the well-kept center, there is a large number of natural and recreational beauties, which are completely impossible to see during the week of active tourism. Take, for example, the Rosa Khutor ski resort, which is a stylized European resort surrounded by mountain peaks. Even in summer, you can have a great time there, going to one of the pedestrian routes in the Caucasus Biosphere Reserve, for example, to the Bzerpinsky cornice (it is possible in a day) or to the picturesque lake Kardyvach (2-3 days minimum). Just before the hike, be sure to pay a fee for the entrance to the reserve and make an appointment at the registration desk in the building of "Laura" complex so that the Russian Emergency Ministry can find you.