Moscow: the great capital of Russia


Main facts:

  • Administrative center: Moscow

  • Federal District: Central

  • Language(s): Russian, English

  • Population: 15,512,000

  • Timezone: UTC+3

  • Main religion: Orthodoxy

Top 10 attractions:

Sights map of Moscow

Travel around Moscow

The capital of Russia, of course, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and the world. It has everything that a soul can wish for: high steeples of skyscrapers, wide avenues with bright lights, cheerful walking alleys and cozy park squares. Eternal life is in the center of the city, clubs and restaurants are always full of people keen on conversations, and wide embankments invite you to unhurried walks along the Moskva river, contemplating most of the most beautiful places in the city. But it is worth going beyond the "Garden Ring" - and residential areas begin with endless rows of houses, quiet parks with ancient estates and cozy alleys, surrounded by streets and avenues.

It is difficult to describe Moscow when you live in it for a long time. Everything seems so familiar that it is sometimes hard to see the beauty and the new unusual perspective of familiar places. Take for example the Red Square: countless times I walked along the stone pavement, contemplated the domes of "Vasiliy Blazhenniy" Cathedral and the bright red wall of the Kremlin, studied the history of Russia in the Historical Museum and admired the jewels of the Armory, enjoyed the change of scenery in the Main Department Store of the country, visited art exhibitions in the Manezh and rested in the shade trees of the Alexander Garden. Countless times I walked along the embankment of the Moscow River from the Kremlin to the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, and further across the bridge and the art quarter of the "Red October" to the Yakimanskaya embankment, passing by the monumental sculpture of Peter the Great, the Museum of Art, the main Gorky city park and more...


It seems as if nothing has changed for decades: the long Frunze embankment with high-rise buildings of the Stalin era, Pushkin embankment forever full of people with the park zones of Neskuchny Garden and Vorobyevy Hills, the huge Luzhniki Stadium with raising towers opposite the first university in the country ever. And if you climb to the observation deck "Vorobyevy Gory", then a breathtaking panorama of Moscow will open, from which you can see all seven Stalin's skyscrapers, distant spiers of the business center "Moscow City", Kremlin towers and, of course, the amazing complex of the main building of Moscow State University. However, this is not the case: in 2018, the cableway across the Moscow river was opened on the Vorobyevy Hills, several towers added to the Moscow City complex, the Luzhniki shines with bright lights and a renovated surface, and the wide embankments are equipped with new surfaces, benches and bicycle paths. Moscow is forever changing: old buildings are being restored, new architectural masterpieces appear, everyday concerts, exhibitions and festivals take place at hundreds of venues ... But there is something that remains unchanged, something that can rightly be proud of: unique sights telling about the history of the great capital of Russia.

One of the oldest buildings on the territory of Moscow, of course, the Moscow Kremlin. A stronghold and military fortification, it was rebuilt in stone form in the middle of the 14th century, and from that time Moscow began to be called "whitestoned". At the same time, the districts of "Kitay-Gorod" and the inner part of the present Garden Ring were rebuilt. Large-scale fires and epidemics repeatedly occurred in Moscow, which claimed a large number of people and destroyed old buildings. Strong growth in Moscow began only in the 19th century, and reached its peak in the 20th century, when the capital of Russia, transferred from St. Petersburg, became the center of cultural and national wealth. The whole country was developing at a rapid pace, and Moscow was the apotheosis of this. Residential buildings, road junctions and public transport lines, educational institutions and museums were actively built. The city grew thanks to thousands of immigrants from the regions (including the territories of whole Soviet Union), who subsequently formed its multinational image. During the Russian Great Patriotic War, the city was badly damaged after air raids, but it was near Moscow that the first great victory of the Russian troops over the German invaders occurred, which launched the offensive actions of the Soviet army.  In honor of this great battle, as well as the Great Victory in the war of 1941-1945, a memorial to the heroic feat of the Soviet troops was erected on Poklonnaya Hill, which rises there to this day.  Next to it are the Triumphal Arch of Moscow, devoted to another great victory of Russian troops - in the Great Patriotic War of 1812 with Napoleon army.

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After the war, Moscow experienced a real construction boom, both residential and cultural. Such famous places as the Great Exhibition (VDNH), the Museum of Cosmonautics and the Ostankino Tower, seven Stalin's skyscrapers (with the highest at Moscow State University), luxury housing complexes on the embankments of the Moscow river and the Garden Ring, Gorky Park and the Pushkin State Museum were constructed... Moscow was actively becoming a modern city for a comfortable life, and therefore attracted even more residents from Russia and abroad. By the collapse of the Soviet Union in Moscow, there were about 8 million inhabitants, and the further growth of the city led to serious collapses - with housing, transportation and market activities. This led to a radical restructuring of almost the entire capital to the needs of the population, as a result the city became a huge metropolis with a developed network of public transport, a huge transport infrastructure and many places for cultural leisure and recreation.

Nowadays Moscow has everything for the most comfortable stay. Here is a very high standard of living even in comparison with European capitals (and let some snobs not be outraged), a huge number of museums and art places, famous far beyond Russia (take at least the Bolshoi Theater, the Tretyakov Gallery and the Pushkin Museum, and the Kremlin), excellent infrastructure for recreation and leisure in a variety of city parks and promenades. Thousands of different educational and cultural events take place in the capital every day, dozens of chic museums and beautiful estates open their doors to hundreds of tourists, and numerous parks and green areas, with ponds and shady avenues, open their gates outside the hectic life. Although from time to time one can hear that "there is nothing to do in Moscow" or "nothing is done for people", to my mind, this is an absolute unwillingness to open eyes wider, put a little effort and discover Moscow again. For example, every day, driving from home to work, anyone can enjoy the magnificent ensembles of the Moscow Metro stations, recognized as the most beautiful in the whole world! During the lunch break, anyone can go to the nearest park or stroll along the wide bridges, so greatly restored in recent years! Need ideas for a cultural or educational program? In Moscow, you can find any hobbies for every taste. And if all of (incredible, but suddenly) interesting places in the capital will comes to an end - you can always go to explore the nearest surroundings, which will open the Moscow region with a completely new side.