Slovenia: romance of alpine foothills

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Main facts:

  • Capital city: Ljubljana

  • Language(s): Slovenian, Italian, Hungarian

  • Currency: Euro, EUR

  • Population: 2,066,000

  • Timezone: UTC+1

  • Main religion: Catholicism (52%)

  • Standard of living (subjectively): high

  • Information will be updated

Top 10 interesting places and activities:

Approximate costs (person/day):

~€ 10-45

~€ 1-5

~€ 5-10

~€ 3-12

Sights map of Slovenia

Travel around Slovenia

Slovenia as an independent state has a short history. Only since the end of the Second World War did Slovenia gain relative independence within Yugoslavia, and only after the collapse of Yugoslavia (and the USSR) did it gain final sovereignty. However, the history of the Slovenian people is deeply rooted in the depths of centuries. The territory of modern Slovenia was settled by the Slavs in the 6th century AD, which supplanted the local tribes and firmly settled in these lands. Stronger and more powerful neighbors, the Franks, quickly crushed the Slovenes under themselves and forced them to become vassals. In the 14th century, the rising star of the House of Habsburg began to shine over the Slovenian lands, as a result, the local people began to obey the Austrian emperors until the collapse of their state.

Most of the Slovenian history is the history of vassal relations with the Austrian and German rulers who controlled these lands and carried out the Germanization. Almost the entire local population occupied the lowest positions in the social structure, and the Germans fueled everything. The territory was a transit region between Germany, Austria and Italy; there were large flows of goods and goods here. Slovenians suffered from the Turkish invasions in the 15-18 centuries, but not as much as the neighboring Hungarians and Serbs. Since the 16th century, Slovenes increasingly defended their folk traditions and national interests, and as a result, the use of the Slovene language increased throughout the region. With the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the Slovenes united with the Croats and the Serbs and formed a single state of Yugoslavia, which during World War II was divided between the Hitler coalition: Germany, Italy and Hungary.

At the end of the Second World War, Yugoslavia was restored, but already as a socialist republic in alliance with the USSR. At the same time, Slovenia was the richest part of this federal state. Since the end of the 80s of the 20th century, Slovenes have more and more persistently demanded recognition of their independence, which they personally endorsed in 1991. Immediately after this, the Ten-Day War of Slovenia with Yugoslavia broke out, as a result of which the Slovenes defended their sovereignty and eventually achieved independence. From that moment began the active development and prosperity of Slovenia as a new full-fledged state in Europe.

Today Slovenia is a peaceful, calm country with a fairly high standard of living and beautiful sights. Although during our visit to the country we visited only the capital city of Ljubljana, there are many enthusiastic reviews about this amazing country, where there are a lot of ancient architecture, pastoral landscapes and an indescribable atmosphere of harmony and pacification. In fact, it is felt even in the largest city in the country, where even on the weekend there are few people on the streets, a very calm pace of life, and a well-groomed pedestrian city center leaves a very pleasant impression. In Ljubljana, a huge stone castle rises immediately on a high hill above the whole city. It offers stunning panoramas of the capital and its environs, especially at dawn and sunset hours. In front of the castle are the historical quarters of Ljubljana, whose special architecture resembles either the Austrian Alps, the Italian north, or the Croatian coast. The small historical center of Ljubljana embodies the styles of classicism and baroque, combined with Slavic writings and bas-reliefs that have a very harmonic view.

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In Ljubljana, you can learn a lot about the national traditions of Slovenes, not only by taking a walk around the historical center, but also by looking at the folk art in Slovenian National Gallery, which is considered one of the best national galleries in Europe. This is because it is really dedicated to folk art, and is not just a collection of everyday objects exported from other countries or simply masterpieces of art from world-famous authors. Unfortunately, Slovenia has few artists, sculptors or world-famous musicians, however, it has many folk authors who are exhibited in the gallery. If you want to see real folk art - you should visit this place. In addition to the monumental castle and the well-groomed streets of the old town, in Ljubljana there is a large hilly Tivoli park, where you can have a very pleasant walk in any weather.