St. Petersburg is one of the most beautiful cities in Russia and the world, with which you will surely fall in love. The Peter and Paul Fortress, dozens of palaces, manors, museums, theaters, cathedrals ... Walking along the canals and promenades will give the feeling of "Northern Venice", and the promenade along Nevsky Avenue will quickly introduce you to the best places in the city. Tourists from all over the world come here to enjoy the white nights, royal palaces and drawbridges. So come and you!
Top 10 interesting places to visit:
Hermitage Palace and Palace Square
Main cathedrals of St. Petersburg: "Savior on Spilled Blood", Smolny, St. Isaac, Kazan, Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Embankments of Moyka, Fontanka and the canal of Griboedov
Russian Museum (Mikhailovsky Palace)
Kunstkamera - Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography
Performances in the best theater of the country - Mariinsky Theater
Grand Model Russia Museum
Botanical garden and its greenhouses
Sights map of Saint Petersburg
Detailed map of all places in the region can be seen on the website of the national tourism portal of Russia:
Travel around Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city with a great history and rich cultural heritage. In Russia, it is the center of art and a special "St. Petersburg romance" that cannot be found in any other place in the country. This city amazes with its huge palaces and tall buildings, endless avenues and cozy embankments of canals. Since the city was actually erected in the swampy lowland, most of the water was removed to underground utilities, and the rest was organized in the form of canals, for which the city is sometimes called the "Northern Venice". Of course, there can be no complete similarity with the famous city on the water, but St. Petersburg has much in common with it.
Thus, almost the entire center of St. Petersburg is a World Cultural Heritage Site and a historical monument - so many architectural masterpieces and objects of art are concentrated here. St. Petersburg is filled with a huge number of beautiful museums: here everyone can find art for soul. From the luxurious Hermitage Palace, art collections of the Russian Museum and the unique craftsmanship of Carl Faberge - to the apartments of the great Russian writers and poets, the famous "St. Petersburg well-yards" and the Museum of Sigmund Freud's Dreams. In this city, the unique atmosphere of creativity and inspiration, so comparable to Venice. However, unlike the latter, in St. Petersburg there is often changeable, cold and windy weather, due to which a lot of humorous sayings have appeared among the people. But if you are lucky and during the visit the sun will look out for a day (or better for a week), then you will see the most beautiful city in the country!
At the end of the Great Northern War with Sweden in 1703, on the banks of the Neva near the Gulf of Finland, Peter the Great ordered to build a new city, the future capital of the Russian Empire. Thus arose St. Petersburg. It began with the construction of the Peter and Paul's Fortress, now towering in the city center on the same-name island. It was built partly to protect the city, partly - to accommodate all government departments and ministries. A little later the city of Kronstadt was founded, which became a real defensive fortress on the sea borders of St. Petersburg. The era of large-scale construction and redevelopment began in a perfectly protected city.
Two years after the foundation of St. Petersburg, architectural complexes were built on the left bank of the Neva - the Summer and Winter (now the Hermitage) palaces of Peter the Great, the Admiralty and the summer garden. From 1712, the city became the capital of the Russian Empire, and all the nobility, rich merchants, merchants and artisans, mostly from Moscow and the surrounding lands, reached here. The more people arrived, the more ambitious plans were set by Peter the Great. In the following years, active development of Vasilyevsky Island, the left and right banks of the Neva near the Peter-Pavel's Fortress began to be built, and also the county-style royal palaces in the region - Peterhof, Oranienbaum, Catherine's. As a new capital, St. Petersburg acquired a new Mint (in the Peter-Pavel's Fortress), built up a huge number of military and technological plants (ship, foundry, cannon yards, etc.). The first Academy of Science in Russia was founded here, many institutes and universities were opened: the Smolny Institute, the Academy of Arts, the Mining School, etc. By 1780, the new city overtook the population of Moscow in its numbers and became the full-fledged capital of a great empire.
In the 19th century, almost all palace complexes and squares that can be seen today were built, including the Mikhailovsky Palace, the Senate and Palace Squares, the Spit of Vasilyevsky Island, and the Moika and Fontanka canals. From here, the first train departed for the first railway line from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, and after 25 years - to Moscow. The city became the pearl of the Russian Empire, and thanks to the established relations with Europe, it became a celebrity abroad. Talented craftsmen from all over Europe came here, thanks to which the city flourished and was actively built up. By the beginning of World War I, the population of St. Petersburg exceeded 2 million people, which was an absolute record for the country at that time.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the city was shaken by several revolutions, which eventually overthrew the monarchy and established parliamentary government: the Russian Empire collapsed and the Russian Soviet Republic was created. Although the First World War did not affect the city, it greatly influenced his fate: because of anti-German sentiments and strategic proximity to the German territories, the capital of the country was again transferred to Moscow, as a result the city lost many worthy workers and talented craftsmen (not to mention the state personalities) forced to move to Moscow. During World War II, German troops surrounded the city from all sides and took it to the blockade, which lasted 900 days. The heroic feat of the local population, which fought and survived in the very severe conditions, but did not surrender the city to the enemy, is recognized as one of the greatest feats in Russian and world history. In memory of that on the Field of Mars was lit the first in the country Eternal Fire, which does not burn down to this day.
It was followed by many years of restoration after military destruction, some of which are not completed to this day. Gradually, the population recovered, its number gets increased. In 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the old name was returned to the city. By 2007, all major architectural monuments and palace complexes were restored in the city, and since then it has become the cultural capital and Mecca for tourists from all over the world. The city was returned historic beauty and luxury, and precious objects and paintings were returned to the museums. Today St. Petersburg is a real gem among all the cities of the world. You can count the fingers on one hand about the cities in which such an abundance of palace complexes and luxurious buildings, so many museums and art treasures, so many unique sights are represented. I sincerely invite everyone to visit this famous city, and if you are lucky and the sun comes out - consider that you will see a real world miracle! And if not, then you will feel a special "St. Petersburg atmosphere", which can be felt only in dank rainy time.
As Ivan Goncharov once said: "St. Petersburg has long been described, and what is not described, you have to see for yourself." 100% true!